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Owl-inspired mechanisms of turbulence noise reduction

Presented by: 
Justin Jaworski Lehigh University
Date: 
Thursday 15th August 2019 - 13:30 to 14:00
Venue: 
INI Seminar Room 1
Abstract: 
Many owl species rely on specialized plumage to mitigate their aerodynamic noise and achieve functionally-silent flight while hunting. One such plumage feature, a tattered arrangement of flexible trailing-edge feathers, is idealized as a semi-infinite poroelastic plate to model the effects that edge compliance and flow seepage have on the noise production. The interaction of the poroelastic edge with a turbulent eddy is examined analytically with respect to how efficiently the edge scatters the eddy as aerodynamic noise. The scattering event is formulated and solved as a scalar Wiener-Hopf problem to identify how the noise scales with the flight velocity, where special attention is paid to the limiting cases of rigid-porous and elastic-impermeable plate conditions. Results from this analysis identify new parameter spaces where the porous and/or elastic properties of a trailing edge may be tailored to diminish or effectively eliminate the edge scattering effect and may contribute to the owl hush-kit.
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University of Cambridge Research Councils UK
    Clay Mathematics Institute London Mathematical Society NM Rothschild and Sons